Tradycje współczesność i przyszłość pielgrzymek w Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej
Jackowski A. (red.), 1995, Tradycje współczesność i przyszłość pielgrzymek w Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej, Peregrinus Cracoviensis, z.2.
Język publikacji: polski
Gdy myślę Kalwaria
Przemówienie na otwarcie sesji naukowej w Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej dnia 24 kwietnia 1995 r.
Sanktuarium Kalwaryjskie jako umiłowane Sanktuarium Ojca Świętego Jana Pawła II
Geneza Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej
Kalwaria jako polska Jerozolima
Kalwaryjskie drogi pielgrzymkowe"ogrodami modlitwy" (na przykładzie "Dróżek" Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej)
Perspektywy rozwoju Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej jako ośrodka pielgrzymkowego
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska w sieci ośrodków pielgrzymkowych w Polsce i w Europie
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska na tle innych ośrodków pielgrzymkowych w Karpatach Polskich
Więzi Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej z Jasną Górą
Relation between Kalwaria Zebrzydowska and Jasna Góra
Summary: Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is Poland's second largest shrine of Our Lady, after Jasna Góra at Częstochowa. The relations which join these two places of pilgrimage and worship have grown up spontaneously and have never been put into any official framework. The foundation of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska was created in 1602, when Jasna Góra was already well-known throughout Europe as a Marian sanctuary. Intended by its founder and patron, Mikołaj Zebrzydowski, as a replica of the holy places of Jerusalem - an inspiration which came to him during a pilgrimage to Częstochowa - Kalwaria was also to become a significant centre for the cult of Our Lady, which grew up around the weeping picture of the Madonna and Child which was brought here in 1641. In 1658 Bishop Oborski issued an official approval for this cult. Ever since that time the image has been known as the Picture of Our Lady of Kalwaria. Both the representation of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Kalwaria, which is an example of folk art, and the Black Madonna icon of Częstochowa show Our Lady in her fundamental mystery as the Mother of God, which is profoundly set in the universal Christian truth of the Incarnation. Well-nigh from its very origins, Kalwaria has been noted as a pilgrimage centre attracting mass congregations, with a predominance of pilgrims from the country. However, the population of the towns and cities are also represented, and they take part in pilgrimages both to Częstochowa and Kalwaria Zebrzydowska. This suggests that these two shrines of Our Lady, which have different charismas of their own, play complementary roles in catering for the different religious needs of the pilgrims who visit them. Their complementary nature is expressed in the arrangement of the calendar of pilgrimages used in Cracow and the entire Archdiocese, where there have never been any official pilgrimages to Częstochowa scheduled for the Feast of the Assumption. Instead that day has always been reserved for devotions at Kalwaria. There have also been pilgrimages organised from one of these sanctuaries of Our Lady to the other. Those from Kalwaria to Częstochowa would be held under the auspices of and conducted by the Observantine Franciscans of Kalwaria, while the ones in the other direction would be arranged and run by the Pauline Order of Jasna Góra. During his time in the Metropolitan See of Cracow, Bishop (later Cardinal) Karol Wojtyła took a special personal interest in pilgrimages to Kalwaria, and every year as of 1969 he had archdiocesan pilgrimages held for the men and boys, for the women and girls, and for the clergy and altar servers, at which he would preach the sermon. Cardinal Wojtyła performed the duties of evangelisation at Kalwaria on about 100 occasions, preaching on the current religious and social issues. Pope John Paul II has on many occasions said that his devotion to Our Lady, in a form which has met with the approval of the Second Vatican Council and which inspires his teaching on the Blessed Virgin Mary, grew up at the shrines of Kalwaria and Częstochowa. The election to the Holy See of a Slav born at Wadowice, a small town in Southern Poland very near Kalwaria Zebrzydowska (40 km) and not far away from Częstochowa (about 200 km), and the recent political changes in Poland have intensified the pilgrimages to these two shrines, with the revival of the long-distance pilgrimages on foot, which are often held in the Church's and Holy Father's intentions, to pray that he may continue to serve as fully as possible. The initiative which has been proposed by the Mayor of Częstochowa to establish a Union of Places of Pilgrimage will no doubt make a significant contribution to the growth and consolidation of the co-operation of these two shrines of Our Lady. And this in turn will improve the quality of their involvement in the setting up of a spiritual geography.
Peregrinus Cracoviensis, 1995, z.2, s. 93-107.
Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ
Porozumienie miast i gmin - ośrodków kultu religijnego w Polsce
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska i Kalwaria Pacławska - podobieństwa i różnice
Legendy o cudownych wizerunkach Matki Bożej na Polskim Podkarpaciu
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska jako wzór dla innych kalwarii na ziemiach polskich
Zamknięcie Sesji Naukowej Konwersatorium Pielgrzymkowego w Kalwarii Zebrzydowskiej
Sprawozdanie z Konwersatorium Pielgrzymkowego
O. Stanisław Szydełko (1935-1995)
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